Nobel Prizes awarded

By Yash Nigam

People all around the world have been eagerly anticipating the announcement of the winners of the 2012 Nobel Prizes, a set of globally-recognized awards presented to people who have significantly contributed to a particular area of study. Named after Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel in 1895, the first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901. Below is a list of all the 2012 Nobel Prize winners and their accomplishments.

Physics:

David Wineland and Serge Haroche separately found methods of analyzing particles of light and matter without actually destroying them.

Physiology/Medicine:

Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanka collaborated to discover how mature cells can become stem cells with divided germ layers.

Literature:

Mo Yan combined various features of historical and modern literature into a single composition entitled “Big Breasts and Wide Hips.”

Peace:

The European Union (EU) won for advancing peace, democracy, and human rights in Europe.

Chemistry:

Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka advanced the knowledge of G-protein coupled receptors.

Economic Sciences:

Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley jointly made revolutionary findings in market design.